Not only do we read the recorded interaction between Jesus and His followers, but as we read the tale, our gaze is drawn to the cross and the resurrection of Jesus Christ as well. We also know that he spoke about his death and resurrection on multiple occasions. 3:10; etc.). We do not know what He is talking about.read more.Jesus knew that they wished to question Him, and He said to them, Are you deliberating together about this, that I said, A little while, and you will not see Me, and again a little while, and you will see Me? Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022. 1), and as occupying a seat in heaven beside the Ancient of Days It is possible to conclude from the Assumptio Mosis (c. 4 B.C.) Jesus predicts Peter's denial (Mark 14: 27-31) Jesus was having a conversation with the disciples and he made a number of predictions. Case3: conceal believer reveal unbeliever There are several references in the Synoptic Gospels (the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke) to Jesus predicting his own death, the first two occasions building up to the final prediction of his crucifixion. On June 28, 2012, the original version of this article was archived. Gods providence encompasses a surprising array of human actions. 221, edited by Friedmann in Vienna in 1864, Robinson, John C., The Death Penalty in the New Testament, in The New Testament, p. xii (June 2002). Jesus will suffer, be rejected, killed, and will rise after three days (8:31), Jesus commands them to deny themselves, take up their cross, and follow him (8:339:1), Jesus will be delivered, killed, and will rise after three days (9:3031), The disciples do not understand the saying and are afraid to ask him about it (9:32), Jesus teaches that the first must be last and that those who receive children in his name receive him (9:3350), Jesus will be delivered, condemned, mocked, flogged, killed, and will rise after three days (10:3334), James and John ask that they may sit next to Jesus in his glory (10:3537), Jesus teaches that, to be great, they must become servants; to be first, they must become slaves; and that he came to serve by giving his life as a ransom for many (10:3845). How long did Jesus live? He knew, and he wanted his disciples to know, that his earthly mission was to culminate in the events of the Triduum that we will observe this week. The New Testament gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John all record that Jesus predicted his death and resurrection on multiple occasions. 1. As we come to see Jesus as the Christ, the Messiah, and the Savior, may we also recognize that in order for any of this to be real, He had to take the route of the cross. For whoever would save his life will lose it; and whoever loses his life for my sake and the gospels will save it (RSV2CE; the other two instances are found in Mark 9:31 and 10:33-34). Jesus Predicts His Death a Third Time. He made a lot of predictions.  Before that, in John 6:70, Jesus warns his disciples that one among them is "a devil". For He taught His disciples and said to them, The Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of men, and they will kill Him. It is possible that the New Testament language bar nasha was intended to be read simply as a substitute for a personal pronoun or as stressing the human attributes of people to whom it was used since it is a translation of the Aramaic phrase bar nasha. Sons of men, or children of men, indicates also those who defame and do evil in contrast to the righteous, which is Israel (Ps. Peter's actions were indeed evil and could have been influenced by Satan. In the Gospel of John, Jesus anticipates his betrayal. First, what kinds of X does God conceal? Not only does Jesus predict his own death, but he expects his own disciples to follow him in it. Wouldnt that have eased much of the mental and emotional chaos he knew they would experience (John 16:20) over the next couple of days? They may even know that he was a Jewish man born at the time of the Roman Empire. 17 See whether his words are correct, and see what happens to him at the end of the story. that the preexistent Messiah is the one who is referred to (x. So, what do we know for sure? The disciples dullness was providential and it became a security to the church for the truth of the resurrection (Plummer). In Matthew 26:2325, Jesus confirms the identity of the traitor: "The Son of Man goes, even as it is written of him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! 10:1-4; Case 2: 1 Cor. Its a humbling reminder that revelation is only partial, and of divine discretion; God could have communicated much more to us than he has, but he wisely withholds what he chooses. 2. This occurred shortly after the Transfiguration, when Peter, James, and John saw Christ in His heavenly glory. In the course of Jesus life and teaching, the fact that He would rise from the grave played an important role. What does it mean that Jesus is the Savior? When historical-Jesus scholars examine the Gospels, one of the criteria they use for determining authenticity is called the criterion of embarrassment. If something in the text is a potential source of embarrassment for Jesus or for the early Church, there is a greater probability that it is an authentic reminiscence. And Peter took him, and began to rebuke him. This isnt simply some haphazard attempt by a lone individual to document the events of his life. First, Jesus predicted his death would happen. Assumption 2) There is no biblical example of multi-tasking. Although an evil and adulterous generation yearns for a sign, it will receive none other than the sign given to Jonah the prophet; for just as Jonah spent three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man spend three days and three nights in the heart of the earth, as prophesied by the prophet Micah (Matthew 12:39-40). But perhaps the clearest piece of evidence that Jesus expected to be killed was something he said shortly before he was arrested. He knew what was going to happen because he was one with the Father. Second, according to the Aramaic paraphrase, Jesus prediction of his resurrection after three days or on the third day was very definitely based on Hos 6:2, which is echoed in the Greek text. One other passage that comes to mind, though its in a slightly different category, is Revelation 10:3-4; part of Gods revelation to John comes in the form of seven thunders which John clearly understands because hes about to write it down when God commands him not to write it. NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, Chronological Study Bible, Comfort Print: Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV, The Woman's Study Bible, Full-Color, Red Letter: Receiving God's Truth for Balance, Hope, and Transformation, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Verse Mapping Bible, Comfort Print: Find Connections in Scripture Using a Unique 5-Step Process, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow Gods Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture. Perhaps this was the reason the disciples were so confused by Jesus telling them He was going to die. Each of the Synoptic Gospels refers to Jesus as having foretold His death and resurrection within three days more than once. In the same way, Matthew used the word in this passage to call our attention to the direction in which Jesus ministry is now heading. Why a first-century Christian would fabricate a passage in which Jesus looks to be afraid and hesitant to go to his death is difficult to fathom. ), is mentioned. Q2) How should we differentiate when to multi-task or single task? As a matter of fact, there is no indication that the disciples completely comprehended Jesus reference and odd interpretation, nor that they were comforted in any way by his prediction (s). It was the second time that the disciples were unable to comprehend what Jesus was saying because the message was concealed from them. Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus.8: 4766.doi: 10.1163/174551909X12607965419595. Your email address will not be published. So why were they so clueless? Because of this, the Jews responded by asking, What indication do you provide us that you are doing these things? he was asked. Jesus was implying that something akin to what happened to Moses in Numbers 21:4-9 would happen to him. Then He took the twelve aside again and began to tell them the things that would happen to Him: Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and deliver Him to the Gentiles; and they will mock Him, andscourge Him, and spit on Him, and kill Him. He also predicted the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, the fall of the city, and the rise of the Gentiles. , The Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John's Gospel, Hebrews-Revelation, The Place of Judas Iscariot in Christology, "The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jesus_predicts_his_betrayal&oldid=1152550241, This page was last edited on 30 April 2023, at 22:28. (Again, thats really good news for some of us!) It is difficult to imagine a more jarring contrast with the agonizing synoptic prayer than this. . And it helps explain a great deal about the upper room discourse and the behavior of Jesus disciples during Christs crucifixion and resurrection. Falling on his face, Jesus says: "Abba! It is often said that the predictions made by Jesus came true because he was a prophet. In the Jewish penal code, crucifixion is not mentioned, The hanging on a tree of criminals, which is mentioned in Deuteronomy xxiii. Jesus predicted His resurrection. By telling them ahead of time that he would be killed and would rise again, Jesus was preparing them for the events of his crucifixion and resurrection. The predictions made by Jesus were not just about his death and resurrection. Remark 4: I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd. What can we learn from the predictions made by Jesus about his death and resurrection. But before we discuss these, a couple of housekeeping items are in order: In Marks Gospel, Jesus makes three predictions. They were on the road going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking on ahead of them; and they were amazed, and those who followed were fearful. And in John 12:3233, Jesus says that he will be lifted (i.e., crucified) and that everyone who believes in him will also be lifted. Mattew put together a masterpiece that, like any genuinely great narrative, instills perspective and inspires understanding while constantly directing us to the true Christ. For instance, in Matthew 16:21, Jesus tells Peter that he will be crucified and raised on the third day. The Gospel writers record seven different occasions on which the Lord predicted his approaching death and resurrection (John 2:19-22; Matt. 26:57-58; Mark 14:53-54). J. D. G. Dunn, Jesus Remembered (Christianity in the Making 1, Grand Rapids, 2003), p. 818-24. L 22 And Peter took him and began to rebuke him, saying, God forbid, Lord! Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. It is highly unlikely that a Christian would invent such a saying. He already told them in no uncertain terms what was going to happen. Exactly. Read full chapter Matthew 16:21 in all English translations Matthew 15 BEST VALUE in digital Bible study. It ends with the death and resurrection of Jesus (15:37, 16:6) and the young man explaining the departure of Jesus (16:6-8).As can be seen, this prediction was important for the literary. Finally, in John 14:25, Jesus spoke of delivering the Holy Spirit to those who were absent from him, a reference to both his death and the future of the Christian church. They will mock him, insult him and spit on him; 33 they will flog him and kill him. But Im sure things are concealed from angelic beings since they, like us, are non-omniscient (cf. Thus, the resurrection must not be seen as an isolated event in the life of Jesus Christ. When I see articles like this, they remind me that there are so many truths that the Lord has revealed and has not concealed from me. But by simultaneously concealing it from their understanding, Jesus insured that they would do nothing to compromise the authenticity and integrity of the resurrection. For example, in Matthew 24:21, he said, For then there will be great tribulations, such as have not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be. And in Mark 13:20, he said, But concerning that day and hour, no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but only the Father. For just as the Father has life in himself, he has given the Son life in himself.So its clear that Jesus predicted his death would happen within his lifetime. Also, well leave aside the somewhat obvious fact that, as God incarnate, Jesus would have known the future. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org, Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster. In Marks Gospel, Jesus makes three predictions (which are paralleled in Matthew and Luke) concerning his fate, the first of which is found in Mark 8:31-35: And he began to teach them that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. Please join Dr. Will this coming Sunday, April 30, 2023, as he preaches "Some Unfinished Business" (Psalm 97, John 21:1-19) These predictions were made in private to his disciples as well as in public speeches. He knew that his death would bring salvation to the world, and he was willing to lay down his life to make it happen. That, too, was providential. 22, was used only after lapidation, according to Sanh. Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you. Jesus answered them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. The Jews then said, It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days? But He was speaking of the temple of His body.read more.So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken. What is the significance of the ascension of Jesus Christ? Luke 24:7 Verse Concepts saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again." Matthew 16:21 Verse Concepts  According to art historian Helen Gardner, this artwork is the most reproduced religious painting of all time. After the second of those three predictions, Luke alone adds some remarkable terminology. Third and last point: Jesus prophecies about His own death and resurrection add to the dramatic tension of this most ultimate of redemption stories. The Dead Sea Scrolls include evidence of the similar concept, in which the Messiah and the general resurrection are related (see 4Q521). The weakness of the previous example is not ethical/morale good and bad cases but the case for disciples were ethical/morale case. Truly, truly, I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will grieve, but your grief will be turned into joy. A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the events of the life of Jesus.Scholars have correlated Jewish and Greco-Roman documents and astronomical calendars with the New Testament accounts to estimate dates for the major events in Jesus's life.. Two main approaches have been used to estimate the year of the birth of Jesus: one based on the accounts in the Gospels of his birth . An early Christian catacomb artwork depicting Jesus and his disciples, dating from before the third century. There would be no such thing as a half-hearted belief. a. *I have cited only Matthews references, since he includes six of the seven occasions; five of them are also in Mark, and three of those five are also in Luke. Jesus statement, he says, was hidden (concealed) from them in order that they should not perceive it (Luke 9:45). And how is it that Jesus own disciples, who heard these predictions repeatedly, did not understand or remember them, yet Jesus enemies did understand and remember them (Matt. " The blessing in John 13:17 is thus not directed at the Iscariot.. Here, we will take a look at some of the more notable predictions that Jesus made about his death and resurrection. It is the first time he reveals he will rise from the dead after three days. In the next verse, the author affirms that Jesus is talking about Judas Iscariot. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. This shall never happen to you.23 But he turned and said to Peter,Get behind me, Satan! B. Case 1: good + good = (greater/greatest) good Jesus was not just a prophet; he was also the Son of God. In order that they should not perceive it? There are likely other reasons why Jesus predicted his death and resurrection, but these are three of the most likely explanations. No, Matthew wasnt a shady writer in the traditional sense. They would have been deeply affected by his death and resurrection, and they would have been left with a new understanding of who he was and what he meant to the world. Not only does Jesus predict his own death, but he expects his own disciples to "follow" him in it. 31 Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 7, under the wings of the Lord of spirits. He is also described as having a human countenance who sits beside the Ancient of Days (xlvi. This doesn't mean Peter . When he spoke, things happened. The predictions made by Jesus came true because God was with him. A period of preparation is underway, and we will be encouraging you to walk through that season intentionally; knowing that at the end of the road lies a bloody cross and our Saviour, who rose from the dead and is God with us. For less than $5/mo. For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again. The betrayal and execution of Jesus would be gruesome, with beatings, blood, and a crucifixion among the many horrors that would befall him. How can we account for the disciples incomprehension of the Lords unambiguous words? Who was hiding these clear predictive statements from their comprehension? The Father was with him every step of the way, and He enabled Jesus to do everything he said he would do. Still, others believe that he never predicted his death and resurrection at all. Jesus predicted His death a second time in Matthew 17:22-23, Mark 9:30-32, and Luke 9:43-45. According to the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), Jesus foretold His own death at least three times, while the book of John has many more prophecies. From the Old Testament to the Cross One of the most familiar prophecies about Jesus is found in Isaiah 53, which describes "the Suffering Servant." He made this prediction quite a few times. As you said, I surely cant judge His disciples for their dulness to comprehend what was revealed to them but yet concealed from them. This occurred immediately after the Transfiguration, when Peter, James, and John were privileged to witness Christ in His glorious splendor for the first time. Whenever a woman is in labor she has pain, because her hour has come; but when she gives birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish because of the joy that a child has been born into the world. A little while, and you will no longer see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me. Some of His disciples then said to one another, What is this thing He is telling us, A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me; and, because I go to the Father? So they were saying, What is this that He says, A little while? Consider that Matthew, Mark, and Luke all agree that Jesus was brought before the high priest late Thursday night at Caiaphas's house (Luke 22:54; Matt. Was Jesus Christ truly raised from the dead? Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you. Matthew 17:22-23 L L L L L 22 As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them,The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, 23and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day.And they were greatly distressed. No surprise, then, that theapparent obtuseness of the perceptively-challenged disciples also falls within the compass of Gods providence. Best Answer. I also find the preoccupation explanation unappealing because it is the same explanatory lens through which non-premillennialists view the disciples allegedly ill-advised question in Acts 1:6 (and Jesus answer). How Many Times Did Jesus Predict His Crucifixion (and Resurrection)? You are a hindrance to me; for you are not on the side of God, but of men., Mark 8:31-33 L 31 And he began to teach them thatthe Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. Matthew, on the other hand, goes on to describe two further events in which Jesus disclosed these truths to His followers. From that point on, Jesus started to demonstrate to his followers that he would have to go to Jerusalem, suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests, and scribes, be slain, and be raised from the dead on the third day (Matthew 16:21). saying, Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and will hand Him over to the Gentiles. 1. Case 3: good good = (greater/greatest) good Luke 18:31-34 L L L L L L L L L L 31 And taking the twelve, he said to them,Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written of the Son of man by the prophets will be accomplished. And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men; and they will kill Him, and He will be raised on the third day. And they were deeply grieved. In Matthew 17, Jesus foreshadowed the events leading up to His own death and resurrection for the second time. Yes. He said to him: "You said it. First, Jesus may have predicted his death and resurrection to fulfill the prophecy. 2), because it is stated that, at the end of the last tribulation, when Gods dominion over The Sanhedrin is a chapter in the Jewish Encyclopedia. After arriving in Jerusalem and teaching about John in the temple precincts, Jesus tells the parable of the wicked vineyard tenants (Mark 12:1-12), in which Jesus clearly identifies himself with the beloved son who is killed. It is important to note that, while many Christians believe that Jesus was fully aware of his divinity, the Bible does not explicitly state this. By revealing his resurrection to the disciples ahead of time, Christ was pre-stoking their faith so that when it did come to pass, they would remember his words and believe (cf. Christ was simultaneously revealing the information and yet concealing it from their understanding. Multiple times. Hey Geon, Ive never made a thorough study of what God conceals, but just mentally scanning Scripture, Im sure its quite a lot (which stands to reason, given his infinitude and our finitude), including aspects of both knowledge/facts and his own glory. Scribe in the Jewish Encyclopedia Their organization began with Ezra, who was their leader, and ended with Simeon the Just, A group of instructors whose responsibility it was to expound the Law to the public, Education in the Jewish Encyclopedia The guys who are thus engaged are referred to as V05p043011.jpg or V05p043012.jpg, which is a Hebrew term that means expounders of the Torah. For the first time in Jewish history, a formalized group of educators has come together. When the resurrected Christ appeared to the disciples, he said, These are the words that I spoke to you while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written . The resurrection was to provide as a demonstration that Jesus was, in fact, the one whom He professed to be. New American Standard Bible Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. It was important that no one knew because he was instructing his followers, telling them that The Son of Man is going to be handed into the hands of mankind, and they are going to murder Him. Matthew 16:13-23. What impact did the predictions made by Jesus have on his disciples? 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. Jesus also made the incredible assertion that He possessed the authority to perform the miracle of the resurrection on His own. Death, on the other hand, having been overcome, shows Him to be the genuine and better King; the suffering Servant promised by the prophet Isaiah. Some people believe that Jesus predicted his death and resurrection a total of three times, while others believe that he predicted it more than three times. This would give his disciples hope as they faced their deaths. Gods fiercest enemies helped him authenticate the very truths they themselves rejected (Ps. It was in this chapter that Jesus expressed faith in being raised up after three days (or on the third day), that is, on the day of the resurrection of the dead, which, given the nearness of Gods kingdom, must undoubtedly be near as well. Lets get ready. After that, the Son of Man will be handed up to the chief priests and scribes, who will condemn him to death and hand him over to the Gentiles to be ridiculed, flogged, and crucified, after which he will be resurrected on the third day. Jesus and His followers had embarked on a journey to the city of Jerusalem from Galilee. By telling his disciples that he would be killed but would rise again, Jesus was telling them that death is not the end. Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You! But He turned and said to Peter, Get behind Me, Satan! JESUS PREDICTS HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION. As one reads the four gospels, they are struck by the fact that Jesus . Matthew 26:32But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee., Matthew 16:21-23 L 21 From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem andsuffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. 31He then began to teach them that the Son of Man(B) must suffer many things(C) and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law,(D) and that he must be killed(E) and after three days(F) rise again. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Im curious how many times Jesus foretold His own death. The Gospel of John contains a few additional prophecies about Jesus death, albeit they are a little more subtle in nature. It is thus highly unlikely that Mark would have invented either the saying or what Simon didespecially considering that Simons sons, Alexander and Rufus, were likely members of the church in Rome, to which Mark probably addressed his Gospel (Mark 15:21; Rom 16:13 specifically mentions Rufus), and could corroborate the account.
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